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Monday 22 November 2021

The world's biggest wine producer may surprise you

Which country produces the most wine? 

Many people would guess France, but the French actually trail in third place behind Italy and Spain, the latest figures released by the International Organisation of Vine and Wine (OIV). 

Overall world wine production in 2021 is expected to be 4% lower than in 2020, based on a report using information collected from 28 wine producing countries. 

In the European Union alone, "due to the late spring frost and generally unfavourable weather conditions," says the OIV production down 13% on 2020. 

Some countries defied the trend with Portugal (6.5 million hectolitres +1%), Romania (5.3 million hectolitres +37%), Hungary (3.1 million hectolitres +4%) and Germany (8.4 million hectolitres +4%) all in growth. 

The world's largest producers are all showing a clear decline. 

Italy (vineyards in the Alto Adige are pictured above) is experiencing a 9% drop in production (44.5 million hectolitres). 

France, second in 2020, produced only 34.2 million hectolitres, a fall of 29% compared to the previous year.  France has "suffered the most from the effects of a disastrous vintage", says the report.

The downturn "France's lowest production volume since 1957" has allowed Spain (35 million hectolitres, or -14%) to take over, by a narrow margin, second place worldwide. 

Italy, Spain and France combined represent 45% of total world production. 

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